CCNA Routing and Switching



Who can learn this course:

Cisco Certified Network Associate: Anyone interested to become an entry level network engineer can learn this course.

CCNA Routing and Switching course is also for Network Specialists, Network Administrators, and Network Support Engineers with 1-3 years of experience

Pre Requisite:

. Basic knowledge on networking is required.

End Objective:

After completion of CCNA Routing and Switching course the participant will be able to install, configure, operate, and troubleshoot medium-size routed and switched networks.

Course Duration:

· Total Number of Hours : 40

· Daily Session (Mon to Sat) : 2 Hours

· Time : Not fixed

Course Content:

Operation of IP Data Networks

· Operation of IP Data Networks

· Recognize the purpose and functions of various network devices such as Routers, Switches, Bridges and Hubs.

· Select the components required to meet a given network specification.

· Identify common applications and their impact on the network

· Describe the purpose and basic operation of the protocols in the OSI and TCP/IP models.

· Predict the data flow between two hosts across a network.

· Identify the appropriate media, cables, ports, and connectors to connect Cisco network devices to other network devices and hosts in a LAN

IP Addressing (IPV4/IPV6)

· Describe the operation and necessity of using private and public IP addresses for IPv4 addressing

· Identify the appropriate IPv6 addressing scheme to satisfy addressing requirements in a LAN/WAN environment.

· Identify the appropriate IPv4 addressing scheme using VLSM and summarization to satisfy addressing requirements in a LAN/WAN environment.

· Describe the technological requirements for running IPv6 in conjunction with IPv4 such as dual stack

IP Routing Technologies

· Describe basic routing concepts

· Packet forwarding

· Router lookup process

· Describe IPv6 addresses

· Global unicast

· Link local

· Unique local

· eui 64

· auto configuration

· Multicasting

WAN Technologies

· Identify different WAN Technologies

· Metro Ethernet


· Cellular 3G / 4G


· T1 / E1



· Frame relay

· Cable


· Configure and verify a basic WAN serial connection

· Configure and verify a PPP connection between Cisco routers

· Configure and verify Frame Relay on Cisco routers

· Implement and troubleshoot PPPoE

· split horizon

· metric


· Packet forwarding

· Router lookup process

· Describe the boot process of Cisco IOS routers


· Router bootup process

· Configure and verify utilizing the CLI to set basic Router configuration

· Cisco IOS commands to perform basic router setup

· Configure and verify operation status of a device interface, both serial and ethernet

· Verify router configuration and network connectivity

· Cisco IOS commands to review basic router information and network connectivity

· Configure and verify routing configuration for a static or default route given specific routing requirements

· Manage Cisco IOS Files

· Boot preferences

· Cisco IOS image(s)

· Licensing

· Show license

· Change license

· Differentiate methods of routing and routing protocols

· Static vs. Dynamic

· Link state vs. Distance Vector

· Administrative distance

IP Services

· Configure and verify DHCP (IOS Router)

· next hop

· ip routing table

· Passive Interfaces

· Configure and verify OSPF (single area)

· Benefit of single area

· neighbour adjacencies

· OSPF states

· Discuss Multi area

· Configure OSPF v2

· Configure OSPF v3

· Router ID

· Passive interface

· LSA types

· Configure and verify EIGRP (single AS)

· Feasible Distance / Feasible Successors /Administrative distance

· Feasibility condition

· Metric composition

· Router ID

· Auto summary

· Path selection

· Load balancing

· Equal

· Unequal

· Passive interface

· Configure and verify interVLAN routing (Router on a stick)

· sub interfaces

· upstream routing

· encapsulation

· Configure SVI interfaces

· Recognize High availability (FHRP)



· configuring router interfaces to use DHCP

· DHCP options

· excluded addresses

· lease time

· Describe the types, features, and applications of ACLs

· Standard

· Sequence numbers

· Editing

· Extended

· Named

· Numbered

· Log option

· Configure and verify ACLs in a network environment

· Named

· Numbered

· Log option

· Identify the basic operation of NAT

· Purpose

· Pool

· Static

· 1 to 1

· Overloading

· Source addressing

· One way NAT

· Configure and verify NAT for given network requirements

· Configure and verify NTP as a client

· Assign unused ports to an unused VLAN

· Setting native VLAN to other than VLAN 1

· Configure and verify ACLs to filter network traffic

· Configure and verify an ACLs to limit telnet


· Configure and verify Syslog

· Utilize Syslog Output

· Describe SNMP v2 & v3

Network Device Security

· Configure and verify network device security features such as

· Device password security

· Enable secret vs enable

· Transport

· Disable telnet


· VTYs

· Physical security

· Service password

· Describe external authentication methods

· Configure and verify Switch Port Security features such as

· Sticky MAC

· MAC address limitation

· Static / dynamic

· Violation modes

· Err disable

· Shutdown

· Protect restrict

· Shutdown unused ports

· Err disable recovery

· Configure and verify VLANs

· Configure and verify trunking on Cisco switches

· Auto negotiation

· and SSH access to the router

LAN Switching Technologies

· Determine the technology and media access control method for Ethernet networks

· Identify basic switching concepts and the operation of Cisco switches.

· Collision Domains

· Broadcast Domains

· Types of switching

· CAM Table

· Configure and verify initial switch configuration including remote access management.

· Cisco IOS commands to perform basic switch setup

· Verify network status and switch operation using basic utilities such as ping, telnet and ssh.

· Identify enhanced switching technologies



· Ethercnannels

· Describe how VLANs create logically separate networks and the need for routing between them.

· Explain network segmentation and basic traffic management concepts

· Troubleshoot and Resolve Spanning Tree operation issues

· root switch

· priority

· mode is correct

· port states

· Troubleshoot and Resolve routing issues


· Configure and verify PVSTP operation

· describe root bridge election

· spanning tree mode


· Identify and correct common network problems

· Utilize netflow data

· Troubleshoot and correct common problems associated with IP addressing and host configurations.

· Troubleshootand Resolve VLAN problems

· identify that VLANs are configured

· port membership correct

· IP address configured

· Troubleshoot and Resolve trunking problems on Cisco switches

· correct trunk states

· correct encapsulation configured

· correct vlans allowed

· Troubleshoot and Resolve inter VLAN routing problems

· Connectivity

· Encapsulation

· Subnet

· Native VLAN

· Port mode trunk status

· routing is enabled

· routing table is correct

· correct path selection

· Troubleshoot and Resolve OSPF problems

· neighbour adjancies

· Hello and Dead timers

· OSPF area

· Interface MTU

· Network types

· Neighbour state

· OSPF topology database

· Troubleshoot and Resolve EIGRP problems

· neighbour adjancies

· AS number

· Load balancing

· Split horizon

· Troubleshoot and Resolve ACL issues

· Statistics

· Permitted networks

· Direction

· Interface

· Troubleshoot and Resolve WAN implementation issues

· Serial interfaces


· Frame relay

· Troubleshoot and Resolve Layer 1 problems

· Framing


· Runts

· Giants

· Dropped packets

· Late collision

· Input / Output errors

· Monitor NetFlow statistics

· Troubleshoot ether channel problem

Related Courses:

· Cisco Certified Network Associate Security (CCNA Security) validates associate-level knowledge and skills required to secure Cisco networks.

· Cisco Certified Network Associate Data Center (CCNA Data Center) provides knowledge on data center design, equipment installation, and maintenance.

· Cisco Certified Network Associate Service Provider (CCNA SP) certification is for service provider network engineers, technicians and designers who focus on the latest in Service Provider industry core networking technologies and trends.

· Cisco Certified Network Associate Video (CCNA Video) Audiovisual professionals working with traditional analog solutions, can extend their skills into a Video-over-IP networked video environment

· Cisco Certified Network Associate Voice (CCNA Voice) validates associate-level knowledge and skills required to administer a voice network.

· Cisco Certified Network Associate Wireless (CCNA Wireless) validates associate-level knowledge and skills to configure, implement and support of wireless LANs, specifically those networks using Cisco equipment